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What is Presbyopia?

Ever wonder why it gets harder to see small print as you get older? With age, the lens of your eye is likely to become increasingly inflexible, which makes it challenging to focus on near objects. The clinical term for this is presbyopia.

People with untreated presbyopia may hold printed text at arm's length to be able to focus properly. Additionally, engaging in other tasks at close range, such as needlepoint or writing, can also lead to headaches, eyestrain or fatigue in people with presbyopia. In order to treat presbyopia, you have a few options available, which take your eyewear preferences into account.

Reading glasses are generally most useful for those who wear contacts or for people who don't already need glasses for problems with distance vision. These are readily available, but you shouldn't get them until you've seen the results of a full visual examination. The reason for this is that reading glasses may be handy for brief periods of reading but they can eventually result in eyestrain with extended use. Actually, custom-made reading glasses are a far more effective solution. They can do a number of things, like rectify astigmatism, comfortably accommodate prescriptions that are different between the two eyes, and on top of that, the optic centers of every lens are customized to suit the person who wears them. The reading distance is another detail that can be customized to meet your specific needs.

And if you already use glasses, but don't want to switch between pairs of glasses, consider bifocal or multi-focal corrective lenses, or the popular progressive addition lenses (PALs). Essentially, these are eyeglasses that have more than one point of focus; the lower part has the prescription for seeing text and tasks at close distances. If you already wear contacts, it's best to talk to your eye care professional about multifocal contact lenses. Additionally, you might want to consider a treatment technique which is called monovision, where you wear one contact lens to correct near sightedness in one eye and another to correct far sightedness in the other eye.

Since your sight changes with age, you should expect your prescription to increase periodically. However, it's also important to examine all the options before you choose the direction you want head in when it comes to your vision; you can be susceptible to presbyopia, even if you've had refractive surgery.

Have to chat with your eye care professional for an informed view on the matter. We can help you deal with presbyopia and your changing vision in a way that's both beneficial and accessible.